北の生活文化(Brief Chronological Table ~ )

 

 

北の生活文化(Brief Chronological Table of Hokkaido's History )


 

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Brief Chronological Table of Hokkaido's History
13th-15th century Society and culture of the Ainu people are formed.
15th century Japanese immigrants from the Tohoku region to Hokkaido increase.
mid 15th-mid l6th century Contention between indigenous Ainu people and Japanese continues.
1604 Yoshihiro of the Matsumae Clan is granted sole trading rights with the Ainu people Ieyasu, head of the Tokugawa Shogunate,.
1799 East Ezo is placed under direct control of the Shogunate.
1807 West Ezo is also placed under direct control of the Shogunate.
1821 Ezo is returned to the Matsumae clan from the Shogunate.
1854 The Shogunate enters into friendly relations with European nations and the USA and opens Hakodate Port for foreign trade. The Hakodate area is directly controlled by the Shogunate through a Hakodate magistrate.
1855 The entire island is placed back under the direct control of the Shogunate except for the Matsumae area.
1869 The Meiji Government establishes the Hokkaido Development Commission and changes the name of the island from Ezo to Hokkaido.
1882 The Commission is abolished and Hakodate, Sapporo and Nemuro are designated as prefectures.
1886 The three prefectures are replaced by the Hokkaido Government.
1887-1896 Immigration from other prefectures begins to increase, boosting rapid development.
1901 The Hokkaido Assembly is established. The Hokkaido ten-year plan is launched.
1910 The first development plan for Hokkaido is established.
1927 The second development plan for Hokkaido is established.
1950 The Hokkaido Development Agency is established.
1952 The Hokkaido comprehensive development plan is established.
1972 The 11th Winter Olympic Games are held in Sapporo.
 
Facts about Hokkaido
Location Long. 139゜20'-148゜50'E. Lat.41゜21'-45゜33'N
Land area 83,453.04km2
(Shares 22.1% of national total land area-This figure includes northern territorial islands)
Climate cool with low humidity Hokkaido has no rainy season and is much less affected by typhoons. Snowfall varies by areas and it has little snowfall along the Pacific coast.
Population as of December, 2000 5,682,950 (representing approx. 4.5% of national total)
Foreign residents as of December, 1999 are 15,267 Asians-75.12%, North Americans-8.72% and Europeans-5.28%
Hokkaido's Sister Provinces for friendship and economic cooperation Province of Alberta, Canada
Heilungjiang, China
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, USA
Province of Sakhalin, Russia
Bird, Tree and Flower, symbols of Hokkaido Red-crested Japanese crane, Ezo-spruce, "Hamanasu" or Japanese Rose
 
Kind cooperation from:
Hideshi Seki (Chapter1,2,3)
Masato Kuwabara (Chapter1)
Toshihiro Kohara (Chapter2,4)
Satoshi Yajima (Chapter2,5)
Hitoshi Ujiie (Chapter3)
Koji Deriha (Chapter3)
Nobuko Tsuda (Chapter3)
Takahiro Miyara (Chapter4,9)
Masako Odajima (Chapter4,6)
Takeshi Koshino (Chapter5)
Yukihiro Kado (Chapter5)
Takahiro Noguchi (Chapter5)
Kaoru Tezuka (Chapter5)
Nobukatsu Takahashi (Chapter7)
Takao Kubo (Chapter7)
Osami Okuda (Chapter7,8)
Yoneichi Ono (Chapter8)
Masato Mori (Chapter9)
Translation by Ikuko Mia Kashima
 
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